But, mostly, we got along with each other, and crime was much less prevalent than it is today. Further, girls reported being more restricted in their movements than boys are. Financial constraints were the main reasons for drop-out for both sexes, while pregnancy for the girls and violence in the communities for the boys were the two other frequently cited reasons but as persons gets older they realize the need to upgrade themselves in order to achieve. I can remember in some household in older times and this may still exist in many rural areas where there were gender biases in regards to education and this was spurned from early socialization issues.The parents were always in favour of giving the males a proper education or skills/trade while the females were taught to do household duties. Columns and discussions about Jamaica and Caribbean political and social issues from the most interesting Jamaican columnists. Surely, this crisis requires that we find more sustainable solutions. “There is also a structural issue of the misalignment of our educational system with the demands of the job market. “The fact that there are so many people out of work, we are losing productive capacity,” Dr. Cowell noted. With the advent of modern technology, a number of firms have adopted the concepts and the processes that give rise to efficiency of operation. A business model of sports must be incorporated. These included exposure to negative school practices such as corporal punishment and verbal abuse, and placement in streams, with boys more likely than girls to be exposed to negative practices or to be placed in lower streams. Would you like to get a custom essay? According to research, unemployment is one of the main problems in Jamaica. This is true not only because education is an entry point to other opportunities, but also because the educational achievements of women can have ripple effects within the family and across generations. Prime Minister Portia Simpson Miller says it is critical for the Government and private sector to work together on finding creative solutions to the problem of unemployment among qualified youth. Feminists with whom I agree are not comfortable with this thesis, as it is evident among us the many social problems that exist posing barriers to pursuing education. High-achieving master’s degree holder struggles to find work. Prevention of teenage pregnancy can also decrease the unemployment level. Jamaica has demonstrated its commitment to achieving sustainable and inclusive development through Vision 2030 Jamaica, the country’s first long-term national development plan. In the schools located in the inner city communities, there tends to be much lower rates of participation and performance by both boys and girls. Regulations sometimes overlooked in their impact on unemployment are those dealing with occupational licensing. 1st Jan 1970 Sport tourism must also be explored. Thirty-one-year-old Kanika Tomlinson did all the right things. Noel Cowell, lecturer in the Department of Management Studies at the University of the West Indies, Mona, agree that unemployment is a major problem. While there is a lot that the government can do by way of laws to address the many critical social issues of our time, we also have a role to play in reforming our culture of apathy. The government can create more jobs by directly employing person to deliver services. Other problems may appear as the male partner who is contributing to the household may want the female to bear him a child, this notion may not be welcomed by the female as she is trying to pursue education and this will cause her to pause in her educational pursue or practice unsafe abortion.Health problems may arise as the need for funds increase which one person cannot provide leading to promiscuity and with the partner’s reluctance to use sexual protection, sexually transmitted disease comes into place, other health problems may be under nutrition as funds are now saved towards the education and meals are scarcely provided for. Poor Parenting Contributing to Social Problems in Schools – Education Minister Related MONTEGO BAY — Minister of Education, Hon. Alkaline LOAD UP, address serious Social Issues in Jamaica SouFLoTV. There are many street children who have become orphans due to their parents contracting the virus. This research paper will explore the many causes of unemployment, a realization of the seriousness of the problem in the country and suggestions as to what can be done to alleviate this problem. Education and Social Issues –Females In Jamaica Education is important for everyone, but it is especially significant for girls and women. Disclaimer: This is an example of a student written essay.Click here for sample essays written by our professional writers. org, (N. p. ),(n. d. ),n. pag “Academic Achievement at the Secondary level”, Institute of Education-UWI Mona, (N. p. ),(n. d. ), n. pag Women’s Rights are Human Rights:”Segregation in Education”, Jamaica Gleaner News 14 April 2008 “What Is The Influence Of Contemporary Social Issues On The Caribbean Family Life” (N. p. ), (n. d. ), n. pag Failing Education (IV) : “Education bias favours females. Do you have a 2:1 degree or higher? Definition: This entry lists the most pressing and important environmental problems. ” Jamaica Gleaner News 4 Jul, 2007 , n. pag “A Gender Analysis of the Educational Achievement of Boys and Girls in the Jamaican Educational System. At Risk Youth Issues and Challenges in Jamaica. Andrew Holness, has said that poor parenting could be at the root of social problems being experienced in the education sector. Seething social issues: Education, jobs and social status published: Sunday | March 26, 2006 . He believes that unemployment breeds a number of problems. When the season as passed the temporary workers revert to their state of unemployment. Social and human development indicators show that Barbados, Antigua-Barbuda and the Bahamas are doing better than Belize, Dominica, Grenada, Jamaica and Suriname. The solution must be within the context of education and training. It is even more depressing when I see I have classmates in other countries who have gotten jobs in their field.”. Sociology In dealing with the problem of youth unemployment, we deal with the problem of crimes and gangs because the recruits in these gangs and crime syndicates are the large number of idle youths. To export a reference to this article please select a referencing stye below: If you are the original writer of this essay and no longer wish to have your work published on UKEssays.com then please: Our academic writing and marking services can help you! A system of bonding and remittance implications needs to be explored. Student focus groups reported that girls have significantly more household responsibilities from an early age than do their male counterparts. The rich enjoyed a far different lifestyle from the poor. Little or no household income for the family can be a severe problem as the female may have to become involved in sometimes unwanted intimate relationship to increase monetary support, at times the relationship may become violent as the other partner may think the female is spending too much time away from home or him. Young people, in particular, who have borne the brunt of the country’s weak performance in job creation over the past 30 years, are likely to be disproportionately affected. I have no doubt about the fact that the formal educational system at all levels is failing to properly equip our young people for the demands of a globally competitive workforce.”. All work is written to order. Social Issues Jamaica's extraordinarily high levels of violence undermine citizen security and retard economic growth. *You can also browse our support articles here >. A review of political dynamics in independent Jamaica can begin in 1965, when illness forced Prime Minister Bustamante, one of Jamaica's two founding fathers, to resign from politics. This is in the context where the youth ( 14-24 years ) unemployment rate in 2008 of 25.9 per cent was more than twice the overall rate of 10.6 per cent, with the rate for young females being worse, at three times. Page 2 - Find 17 Social Service Organizations in Kingston. And I read in The Gleaner that there were more than 660 murders during the first five months of this year. Females also dominate at the tertiary level and are now being able to get better jobs thus earning more than the males. There may however be some issues to workout as there will now the need for sustaining the new and additional expenses.Resulting from workshops conducted by the Combined Disabilities Association (CDA) in collaboration with the Ministry of Health/Global Fund project between 2006 – 2009, information relayed are that when females want to upgrade themselves academically a number of things are taken into consideration which may need to be adjusted and this includes their household if family is involved and most importantly if they are single parents with little or no income and no one to extend care and close monitoring for the family during their (the mother) absence away at school. “There are too many school leavers ill-equipped to look about their economic sustenance,” he noted. Free resources to assist you with your university studies! the visits to the restroom to repair make-up to impress their male counterparts will be less, there will be no intimate involvement) and also females tend to be more competitive even among themselves. A major problem is lack of police accountability for human rights violations. Conceptually, the 24-hour security, gated community housing facilities should be made-up of 60 two bedroom units and 60 three bedroom units, encapsulated within the perimeter of the community center, which is itself within the perimeter of a forty (40) outlet commercial complex. Study for free with our range of university lectures! We're here to answer any questions you have about our services. High rates of long-term unemployment in the economy may mean there is a mismatch between those skills that workers possess, and those for which there is demand. ... and other issues concerning politicians and police in Jamaica… Education of our children should not begin at schools but at home. As I see it, the problems faced in our world seem to be links in a great chain. These words from Grey’s “Elegy in a Country Churchyard” come to mind: “Full many a flower is born to blush unseen and waste its fragrance on the desert air.” That country churchyard was located not in Jamaica but in England. “There is no doubt that the youth unemployment rate in Jamaica is very high,” said Chen. Girls are more participatory in general—they focused on academic work, answered questions asked by the teacher, and completed their homework.It is the tradition in Jamaica for girls in school to pursue the domestic subjects such as home economics, cosmetology and garment construction as females are deem the home-makers while boys are encourage to take-up technical subjects. As Jamaica celebrates its 50th anniversary of Independence, unemployment rate stands at 12.8 per cent. Some of the main factors are: More emphasis should be placed in educating people and creating jobs. Manufacturing sport apparel with the exclusive ‘Jamaica brand’ removes the issue of competition with cheap imports from Asia, because superior or prestige goods do not obey the same laws of supply and demand. Unemployment creates social and political tensions which do not help society to build prosperity and established a stable political regime. Tourism is the most lucrative sector for the country welcoming an average of two million visitors per year. Main problems faced by children in Jamaica: Poverty. However, when a large enough sector of society is affected by an issue, it becomes a social issue. Addressing these issues contributes to the development of an adequate social safety net, reducing poverty and increasing the standard of living of Caribbean people. The fall in remittances, which is already depressing demand for goods and services, will also serve to worsen the downturn in output in several sectors. There are many types of unemployment-seasonal, cyclical, casual, technological, structural and residual. In an article published on The Gleaners website on May 18, 2012 showed that the unemployment rate spiked in January, according to new jobs data from the Statistical Institute of Jamaica (STATIN).The findings of the January 2012 Labour Force Survey released in May put the unemployment rate at 14.1 per cent, compared to 12.9 per cent one year ago. Social justice in education is essentially concerned with ensuring sustained equitable and quality-education of all students regardless of race, colour, class, or religious or sexual orientation. Study findings correlate positively with Figueroa’s (a contributor to the research) notion of “male privileging” where females are seen and treated as “weak, submissive, suited to the private sphere, sensitive, caring, and in need of protection. Loading... Unsubscribe from SouFLoTV? But social injustice is not unique to Jamaica. Many people have major commitments such as mortgage and credit agreements that fall in real living standards. Esther engaged in discussing topical issues on various radio and television programs. Environment - current issues: heavy rates of deforestation; coastal waters polluted by industrial waste, sewage, and oil spills; damage to coral reefs; air pollution in Kingston from vehicle emissions; land erosion . ... Homicidal violence is a leading social problem with - 77% by the gun It is male on male, youth on youth, poor on poor – sometimes reprisal killings (Source: Economic and Social Survey Jamaica 2008) ” (N. p. ),(n. d. ), n. pag Youth Programme Diploma in Youth Development Work Module 5: “Gender on Development” 2007,(N. p. ) n. pag. Seasonal unemployment in this people is employed only when the season for certain types of economic activities comes around. The support for this programme has enabled thousands of girls to return to school following pregnancies and to acquire academic and technical skills. When the season as passed the temporary workers revert to t… The federal government took the decision that the funding of education would be … Despite general improvements in living standards, poverty rates average 30 per cent of the Caribbean population. Jamaica's Economic Programme - Current Issues. Find 17 Social Service Organizations in Kingston. ” All focus-group participants reported that girls get more encouragement, support, and help with homework.At first glance, it would seem that conditions for girls were more or less better than for the boys. Conducted by Don Anderson and his team from Market Research Services Ltd., researchers interviewed 1,000 people aged 18 and over in all parishes. – Norman Grindley/Chief Photographer, Wayne Chen, president of the Jamaica Employers’ Federation. The unemployment situation cannot be a quick fix as it’s the singular largest social and economic problems we face. According to Don Anderson poll in May 2008, when his field team asked persons what worried them most about Jamaica today, 27 per cent cited unemployment, lack of job opportunities or joblessness as the principal issues. This is true not only because education is an entry point to other opportunities, but also because the educational achievements of women can have ripple effects within the family and across generations. The main problem areas. The column covered the areas of education and social issues. The Daily Gleaner dated; September 07, 2008, shows that unemployment is caused by laziness and lack of education, because jobs are always being advertised in the Daily Gleaner and most times no one turns up for the position. JEF president tells job hunters to band together, form own businesses. And it seemed most of the rich had light skins, while most of the poor had dark skins. REFERENCES Empowering Women Through Education:”Promoting Gender Equality”Unfa. Rising unemployment may lead to a reduction in the supply capacity of the economy. However, in my estimation, unemployment seems to be the greatest of all. The line between a personal issue and a public issue may be subjective and depends on how groups are defined. It is now agreed that schools and teachers play a crucial part in replicating and strengthening gender inequalities.A recent study of educators, however, shows that there was a general lack of awareness with respect to the concept of gender and ways in which gender operates in the educational process and that these concerns were not being addressed in teacher training institutions The type of school also had an effect on these outcomes; in all girls schools the performance levels of the girls are higher compared to that of coed schools. How are we going to be able to further educate ourselves if we are not being afforded the opportunity to work and save towards it? Chen urged young persons who are finding a challenge in getting jobs in the formal job market to band together, share their skills, knowledge and expertise, and form their own enterprises and access funds from the many agencies out there. Therefore family planning, sex education and positive values and attitude should be taught in schools. As a result, he reckons that fathers are failing to maintain their children because they cannot stand up to their economic responsibilities. “Young person’s just need to start doing something, get creative and think outside the box rather than sit around waiting for something to happen.”, He added: “They must study the market, see what other opportunities there are and branch into areas you never thought about before. 1.High Unemployment & Low Production – opportunities for reducing unemployment & increasing production of goods & services … Officials reported 1,574 murders in Jamaica last year, a 17 per cent rise from 2006. It also stated that in comparison more girls than boys continued through to grade 11. My last post was about health issues, and it seems there is much more to say. Jamaica has had universal suffrage since 1944. Registered Data Controller No: Z1821391. After four decades of little or not growth, the Jamaican economy is expected to grow at 1-2% over the medium term. For most people, what matters most about the deterioration in the economy is its effect on the availability of jobs. Some 23,100 jobs were lost last year, according to the current survey, but not everyone left the labour market .As the full impact of the closure of the larger part of the bauxite industry is now being felt and the tourist industry slows down, we can expect that this quarter and the next will show steeper declines in production. “I also urge the agencies that are charged with helping small businesses to help more young people turn ideas and energies into bankable business plans,” he stated. Get contact details, reviews, and more. Former dean of the Faculty of Social Sciences, Barry Chavannes, explained that unemployment is a serious problem “especially because of its chronic nature. Published: Thursday | September 6, 2012 Kanika Tomlinson may be all smiles but like many high school and university graduates, she is deeply affected by the unavailability of work in the area of her training. Before the implementation of the JEEP programme many Jamaican’s expected to get gainful employment but these dreams were shattered when only a small cross section of Jamaicans received temporary employment. Only through investment and the creation of new businesses will we find it necessary to provide jobs for the vast numbers of persons who are now unemployed. This is true not only because education is an entry point to other opportunities, but also because the educational achievements of women can have ripple effects within the family and across generations. One in four of Jamaica’s children live in poverty and, as a result, are more exposed to health issues, more vulnerable to exploitation, have reduced access to adequate water and sanitation facilities and are more likely to be exposed to violent discipline. Edward Seaga. Marginalized females will place importance on education and do their utmost to be successful at all costs.Most females with disability and other females from the inner-city community when given the opportunity do extraordinarily well to prove their worth to society. For example in Jamaica, structural adjustment resulted in high interest rates, a shrinking of the public sector , the depreciation of the Jamaican dollar and rapid increases in the cost of livin g (King 2001). Seasonal unemployment in this people is employed only when the season for certain types of economic activities comes around. Essay about age and youth, ross school of business essays undergraduate, one sentence with essay short essay on art and craft. As an educator, Esther has functioned in various roles in the education sector. We've received widespread press coverage since 2003, Your UKEssays purchase is secure and we're rated 4.4/5 on reviews.co.uk. Also losing income involuntary has a major impact. For example with the reduce demand on the world market for sugarcane, banana and bauxite several companies have cease operations. These workers will include contract workers, labourers and unskilled persons. State Minister in the Ministry of Industry, Commerce, Agriculture and Fisheries, Hon Floyd Green, says that social enterprises are critical in addressing Jamaica’s social issues and accelerating economic growth and development. They won’t even try to negotiate with me.”, She added: “I am angry and frustrated and sometimes I wonder if it was a waste of time and money to get my master’s and now I can’t even use it. Prison conditions are poor, but are open to inspection by international human rights organizations. Mr. Samuda says that the opportunity to provide jobs lies at the basis of the country’s development. 2003) produced a document themed “Gender sensitive educational policy and practice: the case of Jamaica” in which she cited a regulation governing student conduct in reference to how cases of teenage pregnancies are treated in Jamaica clearly states:” A student of a public educational institution who becomes pregnant shall be excluded from attending the institution during the period of pregnancy, but the Minister may take such steps as may be necessary to permit her to continue her education in that nstitution or, if convenient, in another public institution such as the Women’s Centre of Jamaica Foundation which is funded by the European Union, UNFPA. A consistent high achiever, she pursued her dreams to the highest level, mastering her field. This is true not only because education is an entry point to other opportunities, but also because the educational achievements of women can have ripple effects within the family and across generations. Given the strong work ethic of migrant Jamaican workers, the surplus can be absorbed by training professionals and skilled personnel who are in demand internationally. Gender expectations and roles, echoed throughout the focus groups, were expressed in such messages as: “girls know they are special”; “girls have more self-esteem”; “more is expected from girls”; “girls take up their books”; “girls are dainty”; “girls are sensitive, respectful, and kind”; “girls are treated better than the boys by parents and teachers”; and “girls are not expected to be breadwinners. A growing number of Jamaicans view higher production, more factories and investments as key elements which the country must use to overcome its economic woes and growing unemployment, according to the latest Gleaner-commissioned poll. Whilst the majority of the opportunities to create jobs lies in the private sector the governments also plays a important role. Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of UKEssays.com. With additional technology to extract flavors and make value-added agricultural produce, Government must give incentives to export-oriented agro-industries, as the country moves forward in the next 50 years. he competing demands of various social issues for limited attention and even more limited resources is the clichéd headache of social policy-making. Attention to social protection as the declinedauthorities grappled with macro - economic stabilization. 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