Lookalikes. Marasmius oreades, the Scotch bonnet, is also known as the fairy ring mushroom or fairy ring champignon. This saprobic grassland fungus was first described validly in scientific literature in 1792 by the English naturalist James Bolton. Marasmius from the Greek word marasmos, meaning drying out. cap has central hump and pliable flesh gills are well-spaced stem is too tough to break with fingers grows in rings in grassy areas spore deposit is white Pictures << previous picture | next picture >> Photo attributions. . Spores are spread by wind, water, and by traffic. Attacks can appear at any time of the year. Disease : Marasmius oreades (Fairy Rings) Diseases generally become more prolific when the right conditions prevail. by Michael Kuo. The flesh is white with a tough texture. Marasmius oreades grows extensively throughout North America and Europe in the summer … Marasmius rotula ( Fr. Use many resources to identify mushrooms, especially if you think it’s edible. Marasmius Oreades Taxonomy & Etymology. However, they play an essential saprobic role in forest ecosystems, helping to break down the litter layer of the forest floor. The latter names tend to cause some confusion, as many other mushrooms grow in fairy rings (such as the edible Agaricus campestris, the poisonous Chlorophyllum molybdites, and many others). Marasmius fruiting bodies are able to begin producing spores again whenever there is enough water to make spore germination and hyphal growth possible. Fruit bodies are very small, weigh about 1 gram. Spore print: white. ... Spore Colour . Hat 2-5 (8) cm in diameter, smooth; In young mushrooms hemispherical, later convex, in mature fungi - flat-prostrate, with a blunt tubercle in the center. Lookalikes: Certain poisonous Clitocybe and Inocybe species can be confused with the fairy ring mushroom. Marasmius Oreades Identification and Description. 2010-10-16 Marasmius oreades (Bolton) Fr 112276.jpg 2,881 × 2,161; 993 KB oreades In Greek mythology, the Oreades were mountain nymphs. Marasmioid Mushrooms [ Basidiomycetes > Agaricales > Marasmiaceae . Thus Marasmius not only increases its surface area for bearing spores by forming gills, it also effectively increases its surface area over time by being able to dry out and revive several times. Stem: Short, thin, tough, either the same color as the cap or paler. Media in category "Marasmius oreades" The following 60 files are in this category, out of 60 total. White . - Collared Parachute. Phylum: Basidiomycota - Class: Agaricomycetes - Order: Agaricales - Family: Marasmiaceae Distribution - Taxonomic History - Etymology - Identification - Culinary Notes - Reference Sources. Spore print white. Cap of Marasmius Oreades. Spores magnified are elliptical, smooth, colorless. It is during periods of fluctuating weather, particularly changes in temperatures, that an outbreak of disease takes place. ... Not all fairy rings are Marasmius oreades, and not all Marasmius oreades grow in rings. Grows on my lawn every year. Marasmioid species are often tiny, and can be overlooked by collectors. The cap of the Marasmius Oreades measures between 2 and 6 cm in diameter. Description: Marasmius oreades is a common LBM which grows on lawns and in fields. Marasmius oreades. . Cap: Small, initially bell-shaped, becoming flatter with age but usually still with a raised center.Color varies, but is usually tan to white. Spore Print: White Edibility: Edible Color: Tan Habitat: Grows commonly on Lawns and fields. Gills: White or tan, widely-spaced, may or may not be attached to the stem. Look-alikes in Washington.
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