He shows Glaucon what would happen if a prisoner was unchained and allowed to leave the cave and see reality. He says, "Next, then, make an image of our nature in its education and want of education" (514a). Interestingly, although Socrates includes three of the four main virtues (courage, moderation, and justice) among the important lessons of appropriate tales, wisdom is absent. By not rebuking Glaucon, Socrates allows him to steer the discussion with the hope that he will come to the truth on his own rather than by force. Medicine, Socrates says, is only welcome as a means for curing easily-fixed illnesses and should never be used to keep those unable to work alive (406). I thought it was wrong for libraries to censor certain material. The most explicit account of education arises after Glaucon questions the moderate and plain lifestyle required in Socrates' just city "of speech" (369a). Instead, education serves to identify those who are capable of philosophizing and helps to strengthen the characters of those who are capable. Socrates' sharing in the educational experience is an effective pedagogical method that benefits both the student and the teacher. Plato feels that certain aspects of theology would have to be censored such as heaven being responsible for everything, both good and evil. He lets them be founders, thereby allowing them a vested interest in the discussion. Through his refutation of the opinions of Glaucon, Adeimantus, Cephalus, Polemarchus, and Thrasymachus, Socrates battles the city's conventions. He says that good guardians must not be prisoners nor can they be philosophers who selfishly stay outside of the cave. Outside these ages, intercourse is to … After convincing Glaucon that escaping the cave and becoming a philosopher is advantageous, Socrates returns to more practical political matters. Behind them, puppet-masters carry figurines which cast shadows on the wall in front of the prisoners. Changes sometimes have to be made to literature and music in order to produce a noble warrior. The implication that children can be shaped completely by education fits with the earlier suggestion that guardians are not meant to have a particular moral nature before their education. Plato believed that literature must contain stories of truth and the divine nature of humans, which is good. Interestingly, Plato imitates undesirable individuals as well as good (an imitation that Socrates condemns); however, in keeping with Socratic poetry, the dialogue has an interminably good message and teaches men how to be virtuous philosophers both in life and beyond. Instead, they must escape the cave, be educated in the good through philosophy (521c), and then return to the cave to rule and enlighten others (519d). As of now I am still studying other religions. The Guardian - Back to home. The first part of their education would be on literature. If we were too spirited, we would become overly aggressive. Most importantly, Socrates insists that rhythm must follow speech, not the other way around. Socrates never resolves the tension between the importance of nature and education for the development of philosopher-kings, which makes it difficult to understand which is most important. Plato felt that one was put into a social group by their own development of their rational intellects. Ideal Characteristics of Plato’s Guardians The characterisitics of the ideal guardian is summarized in those words by Socrates in the second book of the Republic : “[H]e who is to be a really good and noble guardian of the State will require to unite in himself philosophy and spirit and swiftness and strength. No longer is Glaucon averse to the austere lifestyle of the guardians, because now the guardians are possessors of the most illustrious power. Reasoning through questioning/answering and exchanging arguments teaches how to give accounts of one's self and what one knows, which helps identify the good in oneself and the good in the world. Plato's beliefs on education, however, are difficult to discern because of the intricacies of the dialogue. Furthermore, if he did try to return to the cave and help the other prisoners, they would hate him, calling him corrupt and delusional because their reality is still limited to the shadows in the cave (517a). Only simple instruments such as the lyre, cither, and pipe are permitted (399d). The modes that express sorrow, drunkenness, effeminacy, and inactivity would have to be discarded. Also, because the dialogue is meant to be a defense of philosophy and an apology of Socrates, the education of real philosophers seems more in tune with the theme of the book than the education of "noble-puppy" guardians. Thus, the young must not be allowed to toy with debate because they will undoubtedly misuse the art of dialectics, leading to the dissolution of their beliefs and the defamation of philosophy. First he will describe the most minimal state imaginable (one where only the most basic needs are met). Education Essay Writing, Education Research Papers, Term Papers, Dissertation Help. Separating gods from men prevents poetic accounts of the gods from being used as a model for human behavior. Although Plato's Republic is best known for its definitive defense of justice, it also includes an equally powerful defense of philosophical education. When a man tries by discussion--by means of argument without the use of any of the sense--to attain to each thing itself that which is and doesn't give up before he grasps by intellection itself that which is good itself, he comes to the very end of the intelligible realm just as that other man was then at the end of the visible (532b). Socrates then spontaneously progresses to the cave analogy in order to explain the process of coming to know the good by means of education. This would insure that the Guardians would not become immoral and unjust. Literature consists of stories being told that are actual events that took place or fictitious ones. Thus, Socrates revises the prior education by introducing the study of numbers/calculations, geometry, and cubes. Instead, the two accounts of education must be patched together and evaluated in relation to each other and the dramatic context of the dialogue in order to discover Socrates' preferred method of education. (Remember, he operated his own school at Athens!) Because they know nothing else, the prisoners assume the shadows to be the extent of reality--but what they see and hear is actually only a small segment of the intelligible world. The third principle of literature is the stories of heroes. The third part of education would be music. Basically it was developed around ones wisdom. Simply by aiming for true knowledge, this education is more philosophical and Socratic than the first. The Guardian must have a healthy body and maintain perfect physical condition. They show unjust men as happy, just men as unhappy, injustice as profitable, and justice as being someone else's good and one's own loss. The country must then take land from neighboring countries in order to be able to accommodate all of the citizens. Ideal Characteristics of Plato's Guardians 1393 Words | 6 Pages. When Socrates describes the good, Glaucon has trouble understanding its complexity, so Socrates takes a step back and uses the sun image to convey his point. It is the most beautiful educational treatise ever written.”[51] Plato sought in the Republic to encourage an education that orients the human soul towards the good by teaching them about the nature of justice. Guardians would also be needed to maintain internal order between the citizens. 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