silvestre, vlita (Modern Greek: Î²Î»Î¯ÏÎ±), and eat the leaves and the tender shoots cooked in steam or boiled and then served with olive oil, lemon and salt. J.A Vozzo. Jepson Man. Mosyakin and Robertson 1996 later divided into three subgenera: Acnida, Amaranthus, and Albersia. In Tamil Nadu, it is called mulaikkira and is regularly consumed as a favourite dish, where the greens are steamed and mashed with light seasoning of salt, red chili pepper, and cumin.  Archeological evidence of seeds from A. hypochondriacus and A. crutenus found in a cave in Tehuacán, Mexico, suggests amaranth was part of Aztec civilization in the 1400s. See also . Amaranth, (genus Amaranthus), genus of 60â70 species of flowering plants in the family Amaranthaceae, distributed nearly worldwide.Several amaranth species are useful as food crops and are grown both for their leaves and for their edible seeds, which are a nutritious pseudocereal (nongrass seeds used like cereal grains). The leaves are generally smaller, and also pointier than most other common amaranth varieties. Amaranthus viridis is a vigorous, erect, branched, annual plant growing 10 - 100cm tall. In pre-Hispanic times, amaranth was cultivated by the Aztec and their tributary communities in a quantity very similar to maize. Amaranthus roxburghianus root extract in combination with piperine as a potential treatment of ulcerative colitis in mice. It is called chua in Kumaun area of Uttarakhand, where it is a popular red-green vegetable. Amaranthus grandiflorus (J. Cavery: For Tamilians, the river Cavery holds a special relevance. I wud say Common Pure Tamil names are Selvi, Pazhani, Arasi, Mani, Murugan, Anbu, Azhagu , Vel/Velan , Mathi,Arul ,Iniya, Kathir, Sendhil,Selvan and Tamil tooâ¦ After 90s - I have seen lot of Karthik , Sathish Nutritional analysis Raw amaranth grain is inedible to humans and cannot be digested because it blocks the absorption of nutrients. Amaranthaceae, amaranth family of flowering plants (order Caryophyllales) with about 175 genera and more than 2,500 species, mostly herbs and subshrubs, distributed nearly worldwide. It is boiled, then served with olive oil and lemon juice like a salad, sometimes alongside fried fish. In Botswana, it is referred to as morug and cooked as a staple green vegetable. Several amaranth species are useful as food crops and are grown both for their leaves and for their edible seeds, which are a nutritious pseudocereal (nongrass seeds used like cereal grains). Fl. , The flowers of the 'Hopi Red Dye' amaranth were used by the Hopi (a tribe in the western United States) as the source of a deep red dye. , There is near certainty that A. hypochondriacus is the common ancestor to the cultivated grain species, however the later series of domestication to follow remains unclear. Some antinutritive effects have been identified in Amaranthus seed diets in a rodent model. pubescens (Uline & Bray) Fern. The genus also contains several well-known ornamental plants, such as Amaranthus caudatus (love-lies-bleeding), a vigorous, hardy annual with dark purplish flowers crowded in handsome drooping spikes. A similar example in a Common Name search is Virginia snakeroot. In Greece, green amaranth (A. viridis) is a popular dish called βλήτα, vlita or vleeta. , The â¦ The closely related Amaranthus blitum is also eaten. Amaranth, (genus Amaranthus), genus of 60–70 species of flowering plants in the family Amaranthaceae, distributed nearly worldwide. "Biology of amaranths". In Andhra Pradesh, this leaf is added in preparation of a popular dal called thotakura pappu in (Telugu). Below is the handy table for grains, cereal that may help you. A 100-gram (3 1⁄2-ounce) reference serving of uncooked amaranth grain provides 1,550 kilojoules (371 kilocalories) of food energy, and is a rich source (20% or more of the Daily Value, DV) of protein, dietary fiber, pantothenic acid, vitamin B6, folate, and several dietary minerals (table). Glossary - The common names of herbs and greens leafy vegetables is given in English, Tamil, Malayalam and Hindi are listed here. Amarant is an archaic variant. In Tamil, “rajgira” is called “arai-k-keerai vidhai-அரைக்கீரை விதை”.. Sciencetific name: Amaranthus Tristis. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not frost tender. Diego Durán described the festivities for the Aztec god Huitzilopochtli. Amaranthus retroflexus is a species of flowering plant in the family Amaranthaceae with several common names, including red-root amaranth, redroot pigweed, red-rooted pigweed, common amaranth, pigweed amaranth, and common tumbleweed. , The phylogenies of Amaranthus of maximum parsimony and Bayesian analysis of nuclear and chloroplast genes suggest five clades within the genus: Diecious / Pumilus, Hybris, Galapagos, Eurasian/ South African, Australian (ESA), ESA + South American. (1999). 17. , Amaranth species are cultivated and consumed as a leaf vegetable in many parts of the world.  Seeds are circular form from 1 to 1.5 millimeters in diameter and range in color with a shiny, smooth seed coat. So here is a glossary of vegetable names in English and other languages such as Malayalam, Hindi, Tamil, Kannada, and Telugu. Vegetable names have acquired great importance since foreign vegetables are imported to every land and chefs need to cook them for tourists. One part amaranth flour to 3-4 parts wheat or other grain flours may be used. The tassel of fluorescence is either erect or bent and varies in width and length between species. The table after that contains Indian flour names. The Botanical Review, 83(4), 382–436. A number of species, including beets and quinoa, are important food crops, and several are cultivated as garden Most Common Namesakes Submitted Surnames Message Boards Submit a Name Sign In Register Tamil Submitted Surnames Home » Submitted Names Tamil names are used in southern India and Sri Lanka.  Palmer amaranth is among the "top five most troublesome weeds" in the southeast of the United States and has already evolved resistances to dinitroaniline herbicides and acetolactate synthase inhibitors. Amaranthus viridis L. (1763) Preferred Common Name. Wild species have longer bracteole's compared to cultivated species. The seed, oil, and leaf are used as food.  A. hybridus may derive from South America, whereas A. quentiensis, A. caudatus, and A. hypochondriacus are native to Central and North America. Seeds of Amaranth grain have been found in archeological records in Northern Argentina that date to the mid-Holocene. The health benefits of most popular medicinal varieties of spinach are elaborated in this blog. , "Amaranth" derives from Greek ἀμάραντος (amárantos), "unfading", with the Greek word for "flower", ἄνθος (ánthos), factoring into the word's development as amaranth, the unfading flower. AMARANTHUS SPINOSUS - à®® à®³ à®³ à® à® à®° AMARANTHUS TRICOLOUR - à® à®° à® à® à®° AMMNIA VESICATORIUS - à®¨ à®° à®® à®² à®¨ à®° à®ª à®ª AMOMUM SUBLATUM - à®ª à®° à®¯ à®à®²à® à® ANETHUM SOWA - â¦ A new herbicide-resistant strain of Amaranthus palmeri has appeared; it is glyphosate-resistant and so cannot be killed by herbicides using the chemical. See more. A similar example in a Common Name search is Virginia snakeroot. It has never been cultivated in the Indian subcontinent previously. & Godr. E123, formerly certifiable as FD&C red No. The name was first applied to the related Celosia (Amaranthus and Celosia share long-lasting dried flowers), as Amaranthus plants were not yet known in Europe.  The top (operculum) of the unilocular pixdio releases the urn that contains the seed. An evolutionary lineage of around 90 species within the genus has acquired the C4 carbon fixation pathway, which increases their photosynthetic efficiency. Also, this plant can survive in tough conditions. This page was last edited on 2 December 2020, at 01:02.  Leaves are approximately 6.5–15 centimetres (2 1⁄2–6 inches) and of oval or elliptical shape that are either opposite or alternate across species, although most leaves are whole and simple with entire margins. Amaranth seed can also be popped one tablespoon at a time in a hot pan without oil, shaken every few seconds to avoid burning. This will be helpful for users to find it easy and identify. It does not have any name in Tamil or any other Indian languages. Glomeraria blitum (L.) Cav. Weeds of Chingleput district, Tamil Nadu.  In pre-Hispanic times, amaranth was cultivated by the Aztec and their tributary communities in a quantity very similar to maize. Greeks stop harvesting the plant (which also grows wild) when it starts to bloom at the end of August. Araikeerai (Botanical Name - Amaranthus Dubius): Araikeerai is a common spinach type used in most of the houses.
The Greeks call the Amaranthus blitum var. This is an erect, annual herb reaching a maximum height near 3 m (9.8 ft). The genus is native to Mexico and Central America.  Cooked amaranth leaves are a rich source of vitamin A, vitamin C, calcium, and manganese, with moderate levels of folate, iron, magnesium, and potassium. Amaranth definition, an imaginary, undying flower. Amaranthus tricolor, known in the vernacular as Joseph’s coat, eddible amaranth, or Chinese spinach, is an annual of the Amaranthus genus cultivated for its tender shoots, leaves, and sprouted seeds. It is in leaf from April to October, in flower from July to September, and the seeds ripen from August to October.  Catkin-like cymes of densely packed flowers grow in summer or autumn. In Brazil, green amaranth was, and to a degree still is, often considered an invasive species as all other species of amaranth (except the generally imported A. caudatus cultivar), though some have traditionally appreciated it as a leaf vegetable, under the names of caruru or bredo, which is consumed cooked, generally accompanying the staple food, rice and beans. Search by English and Tamil is available for all words. In a 100-gram (3 1 â 2-ounce) amount, cooked amaranth provides 430 kilojoules (103 kilocalories) of food energy and is a moderately rich source of dietary minerals, including phosphorus, manganese, and iron. Green Amaranth can contain up to 38% protein by dry weight. Assad, R., Reshi, Z. Amaranth and its relative quinoa are considered pseudocereals because of their similarities to cereals in flavor and cooking.The spread of Amaranthus is of a joint effort of human expansion, adaptation, and fertilization strategies. The leaves of some species are also eaten. Leaves ovate to rhombic-ovate, elliptic, lanceolate-oblong, or lanceolate, blades 1-12 cm long, 0.89-6 cm wide, smooth, leaft stalk 1-9 cm long. Yields are high compared to the seeding rate: 1000 kg or more per hectare. Uncooked amaranth is particularly rich in manganese (159% DV), phosphorus (80% DV), magnesium (70% DV), iron (59% DV), and selenium (34% DV).  A modified infrageneric classification of Amaranthus includes three subgenera: Acnida, Amaranthus, and Albersia, with the taxonomy further differentiated by sections within each of the subgenera. In Uttar Pradesh and Bihar in India, it is called chaulai and is a popular green leafy vegetable (referred to in the class of vegetable preparations called saag). Cooking decreases its nutritional value substantially across all nutrients, with only dietary minerals remaining at moderate levels. In Indonesia and Malaysia, leaf amaranth is called bayam. , Amaranthus shows a wide variety of morphological diversity among and even within certain species. A., Jan, S., & Rashid, I. Glossary - The common names of herbs and greens leafy vegetables is given in English, Tamil, Malayalam and Hindi are listed here. Making up about 5% of the total fatty acids of amaranth, squalene is extracted as a vegetable-based alternative to the more expensive shark oil for use in dietary supplements and cosmetics. [Assad, R., Reshi, Z.
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